Monday, 4 April 2011

What Is Internet?

The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer network that use the standard Internet Protokol Suite (TCP/IP) to serve billions of users worldwide. It is a network of networks that consists of millions of private, public, academic, business, and government networks, of local to global scope, that are linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless and optical networking technologies. The Internet carries a vast range of information resources and services, such as the inter-linked hypertext documents of the  World Wide Web electonic mail (WWW) and the infrastructure to support. 
The Internet has no centralized governance in either technological implementation or policies for access and usage; each constituent network sets its own standards. Only the overreaching definitions of the two principal name space in the Internet, the Internet Protocol address space and the Domain Name System, are directed by a maintainer organization, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers(CANN). The technical underpinning and standardization of the core protocols is an activity of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), a non-profit organization of loosely affiliated international participants that anyone may associate with by contributing technical expertise.

The internet originated as ARPANET in September 1969 and had two main goals:
=Allow scientists at different physical locations to share information and works.
=Function even if part of the network were disabled or destroyed by a disaster

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